Tag: 翻译漫谈



Having opened this cookbook, you are probably eager to inject some of the ungainly strings of parentheses and question marks you find in its chapters right into your code. If you are ready to plug and play, be our guest: the practical regular expressions are listed and described in Chapters 4 through 9.

But the initial chapters of this book may save you a lot of time in the long run. For instance, this chapter introduces you to a number of utilities-some of them created by the authors, Jan and Steven-that let you test and debug a regular expression before you bury it in code where errors are harder to find. And these initial chapters also show you how to use various features and options of regular expressions to make your life easier, help you understand regular expressions in order to improve their performance, and learn the subtle differences between how regular expressions are handled by different programming languages-and even different versions of your favorite programming language.

Continue reading 翻译漫谈:技术翻译



“BRITAIN does not dream of some cosy, isolated existence on the fringes of the European Community,” asserted Margaret Thatcher in 1988. Now, increasingly, it does. Opinion polls show that most Britons are in favour of leaving the European Union. Baroness Thatcher’s Conservative Party, which took Britain into Europe four decades ago, is divided between those who long for an arm’s-length relationship and those who want to walk out. The second camp is swelling.

Even the fiercest British critics of the EU are astonished by the speed at which things are moving. Parliamentary rebellions over Europe are becoming easier and easier to organise. Euroscepticism is hardening in the Conservative Party, in much the same way as social conservatism has gone from being a powerful current in America’s Republican Party to an intolerant orthodoxy. The United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP), which wants to leave the EU, has abruptly moved from the political margins to the mainstream. A referendum on Britain’s membership of the EU now seems a matter of timing.

Continental Europeans are surprised too—and annoyed. They are bewildered that the British should be talking of leaving a club that many believe has shifted decisively in a free-trading, Anglo-Saxon direction in the past two decades. They also resent the way Britain seems to be using the threat of an exit as a bargaining tool, especially at a time when the euro is in crisis. As they see it, Britain wants to carve out a privileged place for itself in the European club, where it can enjoy free trade without any of the other membership rules. In Berlin and Rome, political leaders argue that Britain needs to make up its mind once and for all: does it want to be in or out?

Continue reading 翻译漫谈:新闻翻译【3】



Once home to fishermen and farmers, modern Hong Kong is a teeming, commercially-vibrant metropolis where Chinese and Western influences fuse.

The former British colony became a special administrative region of China in 1997, when Britain’s 99-year lease of the New Territories, north of Hong Kong island, expired.

Hong Kong is governed under the principle of “one country, two systems” under which China has agreed to give the region a high degree of autonomy and to preserve its economic and social systems for 50 years from the date of the handover.

Continue reading 翻译漫谈:新闻翻译【2】



The last two months have seen some astonishing bidding in auctions of Chinese treasures.

Record after record has fallen away as newly wealthy collectors from mainland China have piled into salerooms in London, New York and Hong Kong, anxious to bring home their imperial cultural patrimony.

The market for Chinese art works has strengthened considerably over the past five years, and the high prices have drawn out a number of masterpieces from old collections in Europe and America.

However, there is a danger of sellers becoming over-confident, even greedy.

A close examination of some of the lots that have achieved record prices since early October shows that success cannot be taken for granted.

Continue reading 翻译漫谈:新闻翻译【1】




原文:A moment’s reflection will convince the reader that it is extremely undesirable to change the pointers in every reference to A just because the first element of A is being deleted.

原文整句话很长,译者将其分为三个短句是正确的处理。但有两个单词的翻译不到位,一个是convince,一般做“说服、使相信”解,但“相信”的对象一般是某种陈述,所以这里取“使清楚明白/使认同”的意思更合适;另一个是undesirable,翻译为“不希望”比较勉强,“希望”一般必须是主体发出的动作,而这里的“非常不希望”没有明确主体,所以翻译为“讨厌、麻烦/不可取”更合适。另外,the pointers in every reference中的pointers在译文中漏掉了,这不是小问题,因为指针和引用是完全不同的概念。


Continue reading 翻译漫谈:译句讲评




Continue reading 翻译漫谈:翻译如铺路



Continue reading 翻译漫谈:翻译的两难





Continue reading 翻译漫谈:面对典故,多走一步



什么是直译?直译即word-for-word translation,也称作literal translation,意思是“按原有的形式来翻译”。典型的例子是将“I have a pair of shoes”翻译为“我有一双鞋子”,简直是字字对应,堪称百分百的直译。但是能这样翻译的情况并不多,稍复杂一点的句子,比如“they have many difficulties to overcome”翻译为“他们有许多困难需要克服”,“I can not walk”翻译为“我不能走了”,就已经有点“欧化”的味道了;如果遇上英文独有的结构,比如“I learned a lot during that period”,根本无法直译过来,因为按照中文习惯,during that time是必须放在主句之前的。这样看来,直译很多时候并不是可行的办法。

什么是意译?意译即sense-for-sense translation,也称作free translation,意思是“换用其他措辞重新表达,或者不受限制地翻译”。因为文化或者语言结构的不同,许多场合必须使用意译,否则很难“重新表达”。比如“Things will be mend in the end”,直译是“事情最终会得到解决”,意译则是“车到山前必有路/船到桥头自然直”,“To teach is to learn”,直译是“教书就是学习”,意译则是“教学相长”,两处都是意译的更清楚;更复杂的如“To carry coal to Newcastle”,直译是“运煤到纽卡斯尔”,意译是“多此一举”,两相对比,高下立判。更极端的例子是,不同语言对同一概念的表述习惯完全不同,这时候必须除了意译别无它法。比如常见的“去往xx方向”,在英文里对应的说法是“to/towards xx”,如果翻译为“to the direction of xx”就是典型的中式英语。

Continue reading 翻译漫谈:直译好还是意译好